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January 18, 2012     Mt. Zion Region News
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January 18, 2012
 

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Page 6 The Region News mtzionregionnews@comcast,net Wednesday, January 18, 2012 Mt. Zion High School Illinois State Scholars Katherine Boorstein Clayton Brandt Dillon Damarin Karli Evans Kyle Gebke Malorie Harder Mallory Hart Alisha Larrison Xavier Lewis Caleb Luka Andrew McElyea Alec Mervis ' Brock Miller. Sean Moore Kristine Moss Kevin Richards Joseph Ringelestein Kirstin Robinson Margaret Sarros Taylor Smith Jacob Watkins Maxwell Youngerman Yoder's Kitchen Mackenzie Steck Gavin Stoecker lan Thomas Kaleb Verkuilen Illinois State Scholars rank in the top ten percent of high school seniors. Selection is based on SAT, ACT, and/or Prairie State Achievement Exam scores, and/or class rank at the end of the junior year. Winter Weather Can Strain Your Heart-American Heart Association offers lifesaving tips to get through the season With the snow and cold fi- nally hitting Illinois, the Ameri- can Heart Association is sharing some safe winter weather tips for your heart. The cold winter months can be very hard on people with potential heart prob- lems and people with existing heart problems. Some studies even suggest that harsh winter weather may increase a person's risk of heart attack due to over- exertion. This winter while you're out- doors in the cold weather, be aware that your heart is work- ing harder. If you're not accus- tomed to physical activity you should avoid sudden exertion, like lifting a heavy shovel full of snow. Even walking through heavy, wet snow or snow drifts can strain a person's heart. To help make snow removal safer, the American Heart Asso- ciation suggests: Give yourself a break. Take frequent rest breaks during shoveling so you don't over- stress your heart. Pay attention to how your body feels during those breaks. Don't eat a heavy meal prior or soon after shoveling. Eating a large meal. can put an extra load on your heart. Use a small shovel or con- sider a snow thrower. The act of lifting heavy snow can raise blood pressure acutely during the lift. It is safer to lift smaller amounts more times, than to lug 'a few huge shovelfuls of snow. When possible, simply push the snow. Learn the heart attack warn- ing signs and listen to your body, but remember this: Even if you're not sure it's a heart at- tack, have it checked out (tell a doctor about your symptoms). Minutes matter! Fast action can save lives -- maybe your own. Don't wait more than five min- utes to call 9-l-1 Don't drink alcoholic bev- erages before or immediately after shoveling. Alcohol may in- crease a person's sensation of warmth and may cause them to underestimate the extra strain their body is under in the cold. Consult a doctor. If you have a medical condition, don't exercise on a regular basis or are middle aged or older, meet with your doctor prior to the first an- ticipated snowfall. Be aware of the dangers of hypothermia. Heart failure causes most deaths in hypoth- ermia. To prevent hypothermia, dress in layers of warm cloth- ing, which traps air between lay- ers forming a protective insula- tion. Wear a hat because much of your body's heat can be lost through your head. Wind Chill Besides cold temperatures and snow, we know we'll have high winds to cope with also. Wind is especially dangerous, because it removes the layer of heated air from around your body. At 30 degrees Fahrenheit in a 30-mile wind, the cooling effect is equal to 15 degrees Fahrenheit. To keep warm, wear layers of clothing. This traps air between layers, forming a protective in- sulation. Also, wear a hat or head scarf. Heat can be lost through your head. And ears are especially prone to frostbite. Keep your hands and feet warm, too, as they tend to lose heat rap- idly. Alcohol Don't drink alcohofic bever- ages before going outdoors or when outside. Alcohol gives an initial feeling of warmth, be- cause blood vessels in the skin expand. Heat is then drawn away from the body's vital or- gans. Heart Attack Warning Signs Some heart attacks are sudden and intense -- the "movie heart attack," where no one doubts what's happening. But most heart attacks start slowly, with mild pain or discomfort. Often people affected aren't sure what's wrong and wait too long before getting help. Here are signs that can mean a heart at- tack is happening: Chest discomfort. Most heart attacks involve discomfort in the center of the chest that lasts more than a few minutes, or thatgoes away and comes back. It can feel like uncomfort- able pressure, squeezing, full- ness or pain. Discomfort in other areas of the upper body. Symptoms can include pain or discomfort in one or both arms, the back, neck, jaw or stomach. Shortness of breath with or without chest discomfort. Other signs may include breaking out in a cold sweat, nausea or lightheadedness As with men, women's most common heart attack symptom is chest pain or discomfort. But women are somewhat more likely than men to experience some of the other common symptoms, particularly short- ness of breath, nausea/vomiting, and back or jaw pain. Calling 9-1-1 is almost al- ways the fastest way to get life- saving treatment. Emergency medical services (EMS) staff can begin treatment when they arrive -- up to an hour sooner than if someone gets to the hos- pital by car. EMS staff is also trained to revive someone whose heart has stopped. Pa- tients with chest pain who arrive by ambulance usually receive faster treatment at the hospital, too. It is best to call EMS for rapid transport to the emergency room. If you can't access EMS, have someone drive you to the hospital right away. For more information, visit your physician or call the American Heart Association at 800-AHA-USAI or visit Online at www.heart.org.